The CEO of the thermal power company considered the lack of financial resources as the most important challenge to improve the efficiency of the country’s power plants and said: “Each one percent efficiency improvement requires about 1.2 billion euros of new investment.” Contrary to many people’s beliefs, the efficiency of our power plants is not low.
According to Bargh News: Low efficiency of the country’s power plants has increased fuel consumption. As statistics show, a one percent increase in productivity can reduce fuel consumption in the country by two billion cubic meters. Although Ministry of Energy officials claim that power plant productivity has improved in line with the goals set out in the Sixth Development Plan, officials at the Ministry of Oil have repeatedly complained about this. The Minister of Oil stated that the efficiency of the power plant is 34% and claims that the amount of carbon dioxide they produce is higher than the standard. But Mohsen Tarztalab, CEO of the thermal power company, states that the efficiency is 39%.
Responding to the criticism, he said: “Contrary to popular belief, the efficiency of our power plants is not only not low, but we are in a better position compared to countries that are on par with us in terms of fossil fuels.
According to him, according to the goals set in the Sixth Economic Development Plan, by the end of 1400, the efficiency of the country’s power plants should reach 40%, which will definitely be achieved.
The official said that the efficiency of power plants in the cycle mode is about 58%, adding: “Another way to increase efficiency is to build new high-efficiency power plants, which we are looking to achieve.”
The CEO of the parent company specializing in thermal power generation, noting that the simple and combined cycle power plant was part of the government’s plans since 1992, said: “We were going to convert 7,500 MW in the public and private sector of simple power plants into a combined cycle, which is 50% This figure has happened and we have been pursuing this issue for several years so that we can repay the investments made from fuel savings.
Tarztalab said that each unit of steam power plants increases the efficiency of the whole country by one tenth. If we run this 7,500 megawatts, of which 3,540 megawatts will now be completed next year, and part of it has been completed, the efficiency of the whole country will increase by 4%.
Lack of financial resources is the most important challenge of power plant modernization
Reducing fuel consumption and pollution is the most important effect of improving the efficiency of power plants in the country. As Tartalab puts it: every one percent increase in power plant efficiency will be equivalent to 2 billion cubic meters of fuel savings.
While sanctions are thought to be the main obstacle to improving the efficiency of power plants, the way in which the problem of financing has arisen is considered to be the main challenge. “We have the knowledge to build a lot of power plant equipment, but the problem is that we do not have the money to buy it,” he said.
According to him, for one percent efficiency improvement, 1600 MW of gas unit capacity should be converted into a combined cycle, and this issue requires an investment of about 1.2 billion euros.
What is the share of thermal power plants in electricity generation?
An examination of the installed capacity of thermal power plants in the world shows that China and the United States are in the first and second ranks, respectively, and Iran is in the ninth rank in the world in terms of thermal power generation. The total installed capacity of the world’s power plants is 6628 GW, of which thermal power plants with a capacity of 4,000 GWh account for 61% of the installed capacity of the world’s power plants.
According to reports, the average useful life of thermal power plants is 30 years, and the cost of construction per kilowatt of combined cycle power plants is about 600 euros. Currently, there are 42,729 MW thermal power plants with a lifespan of less than 20 years, about 20,096 MW with a lifespan of 20 to 40 years and 3466 MW of power plants with a lifespan of over 40 years in the country.